Among the wonders foreigners may visit while touring in Albania, is absolutely the archaeological site of Buthrotum. It is in fact an ancient archaeological Greek, and later on Roman, city situated southern-east, in the site of Vlora. Some 14 kilometers south of the city of Saranda. According to the Roman writer Virgil its legendary founder was the seer Helenus a son of the King Priam of Troy. Butrinti was linked to the Mediterranean by the Vivari Canal, which ran from the Butrinti Lake to the Ionian Sea. For almost 400 years Buthrotum was a property of Venedik. They build the current fortifications and a triangle castle.
The site was conquered many times, but the most known conquest was achieved by the Great Suleiman in 1537.
The National Park of Buthrotum was proclaimed for the first time in 1948 as a monument of culture. But due to its greatest importance and because it bears a rich historical culture in 1999 was included in the list of the World Heritage of UNESCO.
The Park of Buthrotum is well known for a rich flora and fauna. Its archaeological ruins are part of the echo-system and the combination of archeological monuments. The ruins along with the natural environment makes Buthrotum a unique site worth visiting. it is wet by the lake of Buthrotum, half sweet, half salty. It constitute one of the most important biodiversity area in Albania. A subtropical climate makes is visitable during many months. We must mention here the cultivation of mussels.
What’s the origin of the name?
Once the son of King Priam arrived, Helenus sacrificed a bull, which didn’t die immediately, because it managed to escape, but died on the shore. Helenus saw this as a good sign from the Gods and soon named the site “Buthrotum” which means “Dead bull”.